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Mary I - Bloody Mary (British Monarchy Documentary) | Timeline

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48:23   |   Feb 03, 2017

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Mary I - Bloody Mary (British Monarchy Documentary) | Timeline
Mary I - Bloody Mary (British Monarchy Documentary) | Timeline thumb Mary I - Bloody Mary (British Monarchy Documentary) | Timeline thumb Mary I - Bloody Mary (British Monarchy Documentary) | Timeline thumb

Transcription

  • hay midgets!
  • How you feel to day?
  • [narrator]- On a summer's day in 1553 after ten days of traveling,
  • a magnificent procession reached the capitol.
  • At it's head was Mary Tudor, the eldest daughter of King Henry the Vlll.
  • She had come to claim her inheritance. The crown of England.
  • [David]- Mary entered the city of London in triumph on the third of august 1553.
  • The buildings of the city that Mary knew have disappeared
  • almost completely. But it's boundaries are the same
  • of the modern city of London's financial district you see behind me.
  • Mary entered from the east. At Aldgate and she rode through streets hung
  • with precious tapestries to the Tower of London
  • The people wept tears of joy and Mary quoted ecstatically from the bible
  • 'If God be with us, who can be against us?'
  • [Narrator] This day was Mary's victory over all those who had opposed her.
  • But the joyful scenes were not to last.
  • Mary was a queen driven by conscience and by faith.
  • She would send hundreds of her subjects to burn at the stake for what she believed
  • was right. A vision of England restored to it's traditional Catholic faith.
  • Mary was born on the eighteenth of February 1516.
  • A Greenwich palace beside the River Thames.
  • She was given a splendid christening and the bells rand for joy.
  • [David]- The Princess Mary was an extraordinarily important child.
  • Her parents Henry the VIII and Catherine of Aragon had already been married for seven years
  • when she was born and they'd had several children.
  • but all the other children were either stillborn or they died shortly after birth.
  • Mary was the first child to survive.
  • This meant that she was heir to the crown of England.
  • There was only one drawback, Mary was a girl
  • and a woman had never ruled England as Queen.
  • Mary's destiny was clear. She was a royal princess
  • who will become a royal bride and only reign as her husband's wife.
  • The search for the right husband started earlier
  • *Sign of the Cross
  • Amen
  • When Mary was only two she was betrothed to the Dauphin, the heir to the throne
  • of France in a ceremony which mimicked all the features
  • of a royal wedding.
  • This was just the first of many engagements
  • Over the next ten years the promise of Mary's hand in marriage was repeatedly
  • used for treaties with other countries.
  • As daughter of King Henry and heir to the throne, Mary was an attractive proposition
  • But her mother's family was even grander
  • Catherine of Aragon was descendant of the great Spanish royal family
  • whose empire now stretched across Western Europe
  • and even to the new world of America.
  • Catherine made sure that Mary did not forget the Spanish roots
  • Mary spoke Spanish as well as English and proudly identified herself
  • with her Spanish family.
  • After her father the King, Mary was treated as the most important person
  • in England. She liked music, dancing, and games
  • Henry referred to her as his pearl in the world.
  • Catherine too was devoted to Mary who was fiercely ambitious for her daughter.
  • She made sure that Marys education would fit her for her destiney.
  • How ever great it might be.
  • David: this letter was written by Cathrine to Mary when she was age 8 or nine.

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Mary was a queen driven by faith, she would send hundreds of her subjects to burn at the stake.

Written and presented by Dr David Starkey, this is the compelling story of two of England's most striking monarchs: a brother and sister, tied by blood and affection, and torn apart by religion, power, and some of the bloodiest episodes in English history. Mary (who was to become England's first reigning Queen since Matilda but who is best known to generations of British schoolchildren as Bloody Mary) was the first born child of Henry VIII. For 20 years she was heir to her adored father. Then came the birth of her little half-brother Edward, and Mary found herself cast into the shadows, ignored by her father and declared illegitimate by Act of Parliament. Nonetheless she became very attached to the motherless boy, and he to her, declaring her his dearest sister. When Edward was just nine, their father died and the young boy became King, surrounded by advisors and further distanced from his beloved elder sister. But by now they were divided not just by power and status, but also by faith. Mary was a staunch Catholic, Edward a reforming Protestant: at this time such matters were not an issue of personal choice but matters of life or death, treason or heresy. Within a few years Mary was under virtual house arrest and banned from celebrating mass; within a few more years Edward was dead at the tragically early age of 16 and Mary became Queen. She set about making England a Catholic country once more and hundreds of Protestants, including Edward's most trusted advisors, were burnt at the stake because they refused to renounce their faith.

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Content licensed from Digital Rights Group (DRG).

Produced by Granada Media Group.

From the original Documentary, Mary I - Bloody Mary.