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How to Drive a Manual Transmission — Cars.com

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Nov 02, 2017

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How to Drive a Manual Transmission — Cars.com
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Transcription

  • so you want to drive a car with a manual transmission well I have bad news and
  • good news the bad news is there are fewer models on the market now than ever
  • before that have a proper three peddle manual transmission the good news is the
  • ones that do offer the feature are easier to learn on then old cars were
  • whether you're going to drive a new car or an old car I commend you and I'll get
  • you started now the first part of the lesson is I'm going to explain what's
  • going on when you're operating the manual transmission now it isn't
  • absolutely necessary could just be about a stick and a pedal but what I found is
  • people tend to grasp this a little bit faster learn faster if they understand
  • what is actually going on under the surface a car with a gas or diesel
  • engine has a transmission with multiple gears for the same reason a bicycle does
  • a good bicycle not one of those retro hipster one speed bikes these the idea
  • behind having these gears is you can pedal only so fast and you reach a
  • certain point and to go faster you need to shift up same thing is true with a
  • car's engine let's take a look at the tachometer the tachometer is a gauge
  • that shows engine speed and essentially all cars have them even automatic you
  • just don't pay attention to it it'll be marked typically one two three four or
  • in some cases ten twenty thirty but the idea is multiplied by some number that
  • is the revolutions per minute of the engine and when you hit the gas a bit
  • you'll see the needle goes up as the engine speed increases typically though
  • a gas engine will run only up to about six to eight thousand rpm it depends on
  • the car and there are some exceptions in this car it's about 7400 rpm where you
  • see a redline begin and that redline is called the red line and the engine is
  • not supposed to run in the red line because it can be damaged
  • now newer cars are less likely to actually incur damage than older ones
  • but still that's not where you want to be so if you want to go faster and
  • faster in a car you need to be able to shift to the next gear simple right
  • just like a bicycle well there's one area where it's not like a bicycle
  • on a bicycle when you start out you just pedal 1 2 3 4 you can start from a
  • standing stop an engine on the other hand has an idle speed of typically 750
  • rpm so little run from 750 rpm - in this case 7400 but below 750 nothing so
  • what's happening is when you're sitting still your engine is going 750 rpm and
  • your transmission and the gears are not moving at all and you've got to get them
  • going together at the same speed and that is going to be your job through the
  • use of the clutch clutch pedal and you are going to suck at it it's going to be
  • hilarious to me you're gonna hate it but I'm laughs and just thinking about it
  • but here you probably ought to laugh at it too because you're going to be bad
  • but if you stick with it and practice you're going to get better so let's
  • start with the pedals you'll see the extra one here the third that is the
  • clutch pedal but it looks like there are four pedals in this car and that is
  • because this one is technically called the dead pedal but a better word for
  • that is the footrest it doesn't really do anything and footrest is a good name
  • because that is what you're supposed to do and that is rest your foot there do
  • not leave your foot on the clutch pedal the whole point behind the clutch is use
  • it and then you get off of it put your foot on the dead pedal or the foot rest
  • here's an important tip before you even get started when you're operating the
  • clutch pedal you need your whole leg you're not putting your heel down
  • anchoring it like you might with the accelerator pedal and just tilting at
  • the ankle you need your whole leg it's a little bit more like a brake pedal in
  • that regard also when you apply the pedal you always go all the way down to
  • the floor and release all the way out always step in all the way release all
  • the way and when you're not using the clutch rest on the dead pedal now before
  • you even head out if you're just learning how to drive a manual
  • transmission think ahead and wear sensible shoes you don't need fancy
  • driving shoes or anything but you're the tip don't wear a big clunky shoe and
  • don't wear anything with a big heel and don't judge me I'm trying to help you
  • and it's free once once you learn how to drive you can wear whatever you want but
  • for training purposes be sensible now let's get to know the shifter or the
  • stick which is how you put the transmission in the different gears the
  • pattern for the forward gears is pretty much the same in everything and you'll
  • see it either on top of the knob or somewhere nearby
  • typically the difference between vehicles is really just about how many
  • forward gears it has this car has six older cars may stop at four forward
  • gears some cars these days have seven all just affect how much shifting you'll
  • be doing now one of the most important things you need to know is when it's not
  • in gear and that is neutral neutral position is straight in the middle of
  • all of these and you'll know it's in neutral when the stick wobbles left and
  • right now I'm gonna step on the clutch pedal even though the engine is off and
  • you'll see now I'm in first gear up and to the left now notice it doesn't slide
  • left and right in neutral there's my wobble so first second is below to the
  • right and up is third and so on it's pretty simple stuff now all cars are
  • gonna have a reverse gear that can be in a different location used to be up in to
  • the right for a lot of cars now and nowadays are starting to see them on the
  • left the best cars will have a little lock out like this lift collar that
  • prevents you from going into reverse unless you really mean it
  • and when you're practicing going into first once you get a little bit good at
  • that you can start doing the same thing with reverse okay you want to find an
  • empty or nearly empty parking lot or road and it's important that it be flat
  • because you're going to be practicing taking off in first gear and reverse and
  • the effects of gravity can just complicate things it you need to start
  • the car when you start a manual transmission it's always important to
  • make sure it is a neutral wiggle that stick and in newer cars especially
  • it's necessary not just good practice to step on the clutch pedal because that
  • will allow the engine to start without stepping on that pedal you can turn the
  • key all you want it wouldn't have started with a new car so when you take
  • off from a stop in a car with manual transmission you are essentially trying
  • to coordinate the application of the gas and the release of the clutch pedal or
  • the engagement of the clutch but what I'm going to do is have you practice
  • first without stepping on the gas at all just use the clutch pedal to get a feel
  • for the clutch engagement now when you lift off the pedal you're engaging the
  • clutch when you step on you're disengaging I'm just gonna call it
  • clutch in and clutch out because that's the simplest thing to remember when the
  • time comes to actually do it so what you'll do is you're going to watch my
  • feet watch everything I do you're stepping on the clutch pedal alright
  • stick goes into first I happen to have the brake on so I'm going to take the
  • parking brake off and then you're just gonna slowly let that clutch pedal out
  • see what I'm doing right now now if you have a newer car this is actually a
  • little easier because the engine control unit the computer senses the load and
  • will compensate and give you a little bit more gas so here you can see my
  • foots off the pedal I'm in first gear and I'm moving pretty simple stuff every
  • car is different and I'm gonna do it again for you here's how we stop I'm
  • right I've got my foot over the brake clutch in
  • and I pull the shifter out of first into neutral and come to a stop all cars are
  • different what you're doing is you're getting a feel for where the clutch
  • engages in some cars it's lower in the pedal travel like close to the floor and
  • some it's higher up all cars are released a little bit different so again
  • clutch in first gear let it out slowly
  • and there you go you put her around you can put around a little bit in first
  • gear if you want to will discuss whether or not we drive in first gear in a bit
  • so clutch in stick into neutral brake we stop now it's actually the same
  • situation for going in Reverse aside from the gear being different clutch in
  • I'm lifting the collar as necessary for this putting it in reverse and slowly
  • letting that pedal out I am looking behind me and I have a backup camera so
  • it's I don't want it to look like I'm just blindly backing up there we go and
  • we're moving now you might find that I'm gonna stop now ready remember clutch
  • in break and take the stick into neutral verse skier tends to be a little bit
  • faster than first because it's the only one you got so it will feel a little bit
  • different you're gonna want to practice with that too now having gotten a feel
  • for the clutch application I'm going to show you how we apply the gas and
  • release the clutch at the same time and lets you do the same thing you just did
  • but faster here we go clutch in first gear now watch my feet
  • I'm going to add some gas and release the clutch and we're moving in first
  • gear you can hear we're moving faster this time okay same as last time
  • clutch in braking stick back into neutral now you probably want me to tell
  • you what RPM you should be going when you release the clutch to take off I
  • can't tell you that reason being first of all all cars are different I want to
  • say it's gonna be around 2,000 rpm just to get you going but first all cars are
  • different and second I don't want you focusing on the tachometer you're much
  • better off getting a feel for this just by doing it and I feel the same way
  • about when we get to the point where we're shifting through the higher gears
  • as well so we did it once let's do it again
  • ready clutch in into first gear adding a little gas letting out the
  • clutch okay now let me give you one tip that I think is one of the most useful
  • things that that I found from instructing people on how to drive
  • manual transmissions and that is there's a notion that this has to be the perfect
  • synchronized balletic application and release perfectly even and that's
  • actually not true what I've found is a lot of people find the process a lot
  • easier while they're learning if they partway through releasing that clutch
  • they just if it starts to grab just hold for a second and then release the clutch
  • the rest of the way I'm gonna try and do that again so you can see what I'm what
  • I'm doing rather than just trying to robotically go in with the gas and out
  • with the clutch it's you're applying you come out a bit with with your clutch
  • foot see my hand here wait a second when it starts to grab just give it a half
  • second and then release the rest of the way here's what I'm doing ready
  • kind of hard to see I know but maybe you understand from what I'm describing and
  • the thing with that is you've got to be a little bit careful about overdoing it
  • you cannot take forever to get your foot off the clutch pedal what you're trying
  • to do is go from clutch in the clutch out reasonably quickly and you don't
  • want to do what's called riding the clutch where you're kind of controlling
  • the car speed by how much you're letting the clutch slip that's bad news and it
  • wears the clutch really quickly but on the other hand this one tip seems to
  • help people an awful lot now you'll notice if you do things real slowly
  • clutch in first gear if you do think slowly you can give it less gas here we
  • go ready I'm hardly giving it any gas it's not much different from
  • when I didn't use the gas at all right if you want to take off faster you're
  • going to have to give it more gas for example clutch in first gear
  • see that much faster same things true if you're on a hill and I'm gonna address
  • Hills in a bit too if you're on a hill uphill I should say you're gonna have to
  • give it more gas to get you going now what can go wrong well certainly things
  • can go wrong in this process one is you can pop the clutch maybe not give it
  • enough gas and kill it and that looks a little like this okay
  • so the car bucks a bit it's probably not going to hurt the car so what else could
  • go wrong as you're taking off well you give it too much gas you can spin the
  • tires it'll go something like this
  • now that is definitely cooler than killing it
  • but don't get addicted because neighbors don't like it cops don't like it and it
  • does put some strain on your car it'll wear out your tires to that end there's
  • something else you should be aware of that could go wrong and that is you
  • could smell a terrible odor chances are that's the smell of your clutch and that
  • means you are slipping the clutch too much and if you see smoke that's
  • definitely a sign then it's time to pull over and cool off let the car cool off
  • you should cool off all it means is you've got to go a little lighter on the
  • gas and a little quicker on the clutch pedal if you're just revving revving
  • revving and slow it in letting the clutch out and controlling your speed
  • with the clutch you're gonna get smelly you're gonna get smoked and you are
  • gonna take hundreds or thousands of miles off of the clutch unnecessarily
  • and once you've gotten good enough at accelerating from a stop be it in first
  • gear or reverse you're probably ready to go into the higher gears and I do
  • recommend you still do this in a and an abandoned street or a parking or lot or
  • the like it is much easier the hard part is over all you got to do is watch my
  • feet I'm gonna have to be steering during this so excuse me if I don't say
  • everything perfectly here we go clutch in first gear
  • okay we're at first revs up clutch in second gear clutch out clutch in third
  • gear clutch out
  • scuse my turn
  • clutch in fourth gear clutch out clutch in fifth gear clutch out touch in
  • sixth gear clutch out it's pretty simple now what could go wrong in these
  • circumstances well you might accidentally wind up in a higher gear
  • than you want to soon and you're gonna step on the gas pedal and nothing's
  • gonna happen I'll show you it's like so right now I'm in fourth gear hardly
  • moving hardly moving and the car vibrates there's a sound and a vibration
  • that means the engine is lugging and it's not good for it it's not gonna hurt
  • it too badly it's not like the old days cars are much better protecting
  • themselves and they used to be but in those circumstances all that means is
  • you need to be in a lower gear so let's say I'm moving forward I'm in third gear
  • to low what do I do clutch in go down a second clutch up
  • everything's fine it's not that difficult now I'm sure you have an Uncle
  • Tony or something like that that always told you never be in top gear below X
  • miles per hour well I'm sorry Uncle Tony but I've
  • driven hundreds of cars with manual transmissions and they're all different
  • what matters is that you're not lugging the engine if your car is perfectly
  • happy in its top gear going 40 miles an hour if you're just cruising you're fine
  • nothing to worry about something else that could go wrong is you could Rev too
  • high and hit the rev line and it might look like this
  • all right what just happened there was my modern car hit what's called a rev
  • limiter and that was a pretty hard rev limiter it what it does is it actually
  • stops you from going into what would be a hazardous condition for the engine old
  • cars didn't have rev limiters either hard like this one or soft soft meeting
  • the car might just slowly lose speed or might kind of bounce on the rev limiter
  • to get your attention so again a newer car you're not likely to do any damage
  • now once you've been experiencing all this successful up shifting you're
  • probably going to need to know how to stop right and it's actually not that
  • difficult people I think tend to make it more difficult
  • than they need to with some misconceptions about how to slow down
  • and stop in a manual transmission car by and large here's what you do I'm in 4th
  • gear right now let's just say I'm in fifth I'm in fifth you use your brake as
  • you normally would you come slower slower slower slower so when you get
  • close to the stop you put the collection put the transmission in neutral and
  • you're fine you don't have to down shift through the gears when you come to a
  • stop cars are all geared differently I've been in a couple where I've noticed
  • that
  • the the the engine starts to falter a bit at relatively high speeds and I
  • might want to take it out of gear a little bit sooner but by and large with
  • all the cars I've driven even let's say sixth gear as we are here you come close
  • to your stop you're getting closer and closer clutch in put it in neutral
  • everything's fine I've alluded to the complicating effects of gravity
  • especially when you're learning I'm gonna give you one tip that I think will
  • help but first here's what we're talking about
  • clutch in I'm on the brake pedal I'm gonna let off the brake now you can see
  • we're moving obviously that can make things a little bit more difficult when
  • you're just learning to get going but I'll show you how it's supposed to go
  • first gear see no problem because I am a professional actually it's not that I'm
  • a professional I just have experience and eventually you'll have experience
  • and you'll be driving through San Francisco like it's no big deal and to
  • be honest on a steep hill I might have a little trouble myself but here's a great
  • tip that you might find useful even once you do have experience and that is to
  • use the parking brake especially the hand brake and usually manual
  • transmission cars still have a hand brake watch what I do with my feet now
  • clutch in first gear now what I'm doing is I'm applying the handbrake I've got
  • my finger on the button here still so it's mobile now I'm letting off of the
  • brake pedal and then what I do is I give it gas
  • and I left the clutch out a little bit till I feel it grab and then I release
  • the parking brake and I'm off now this can be really helpful even if you are
  • experienced as I said because let's say you park on the street nose up uphill
  • and someone parks behind you and leaves no room so you have no margin of error
  • to rollback even a little bit that's the situation where you would again clutch
  • in in gear parking brake let go of the regular
  • brake pedal and then there you go it's a good tip now for what it's worth
  • nowadays newer cars have added a feature called Hill hold and that's whether they
  • have automatic or manual transmissions whereby you take your foot off the brake
  • or put the clutch and put it in first gear
  • let off the brake and it will hold the car for you and fortunately that has
  • come along right about the time that cars have stopped having an easy-to-use
  • hand brake like this it would be pretty hard to do what I just demonstrated with
  • a pedal because you only have two feet or with an electronic parking brake
  • switch here's a question you might not think of do you need to shift in order
  • the answer is no like right now I'm in third gear right let's say I gave it a
  • lot of gas I can go right into fifth because the
  • engine speed was high this is the kind of thing that might happen if you are
  • taking off from a light or something or on a hill let's say in first gear and
  • you give it a lot of revs and you rev up pretty high you can go from first to
  • third no reason not to now here's something you shouldn't do and that is
  • coast in neutral I know Uncle Tony told you you save gas by coasting in neutral
  • by doing this right okay maybe at some point in history that was
  • true probably not very true probably not worth much but take a look what's
  • happening right now I'm slowing down in gear you know what's happening my fuel
  • injectors are off they are not pumping fuel that's how modern cars work so
  • what's happening is if I'm accelerating and then I'm coasting you're going down
  • a hill like this foot off the accelerator I'm not using gas what
  • happens if I put it in neutral like Uncle Tony says then I am using gas
  • because gas is needed to keep the engine turning so there you go Uncle Tony
  • you outsmarted yourself so I'll try and give you some other tips
  • while I'm at it here's one don't drive in first gear it's not a 100% guideline
  • but by-and-large first gear is for getting to second gear and you do your
  • driving at second gear once again having driven dozens and dozens of manual
  • transmission cars I've been in a couple where second gear was a little bit too
  • tall as we call it for driving and really bad traffic and slow traffic and
  • I did have to drive in first gear but unless you have a car like that there's
  • really no need to be in first unless you're on your way to second here's a
  • reminder for you when you come to a stop don't do what I'm doing right now leave
  • the the transmission in gear or in first gear with your foot on the clutch pedal
  • it's bad practice but it also it produces some somewhere on a bearing
  • called the throw out bearing that is engaged whenever you are standing on the
  • clutch pedal that is designed to momentarily engage and then disengage if
  • you sit for long periods you're just putting tremendous extra wear on that
  • bearing so don't do it now here's a note about down shifting here I am going
  • pretty quick in sixth gear and I want to go
  • down to fifth I want you to see how easy this is clutch in went to fifth clutch
  • out not a whole lot of bucking all right same thing could be true if I were going
  • in sixth gear now I'm in sixth I want you to see as I make the switch I'm
  • getting out of this bumpy Lane as I make the switch it's not bad now if you're
  • getting a little bit better at this you're more advanced that's when you
  • learn to flip the throttle to rev-match it's called you see how I just gave the
  • gas pedal a bit of a jolt there now I'm going back to sixth to do it again for
  • you what you're doing is you're aligning the revolutions of the essentially to
  • simplify at the engine and the transmission for what it's worth
  • ninety-eight percent of the wear on your clutch happens when you're going from a
  • stop in first gear or in Reverse so it's not critical that you rev match but once
  • you get a little bit more practice you might find that you're able to do it and
  • keep your shifts your down shifts smoother like so watch again
  • nice and smooth eventually you're gonna have to park your manual transmission
  • car and it can be a little bit different from an automatic because there is no
  • park setting for the transmission so I'll show you what I'm what I'm doing
  • I'm in neutral I took my foot off the clutch right you're gonna rely on the
  • parking brake whether it's a handle a pedal or an electric switch which is the
  • new thing but people tend to also want to leave the transmission in gear
  • especially if you live someplace hilly because let's face it parking brakes
  • aren't perfect they're not infallible and especially as the car ages so what
  • do you do well there are a couple ways you can do it you can put the clutch in
  • put the car in gear let's say first and then turn the engine off let the clutch
  • out and you're good you could also presumably let's just do
  • it for the sake of argument you're in neutral
  • clutch out turn the car off then push the clutch pedal put it in gear release
  • the clutch pedal and then you have the added security of having the engines
  • drivetrain keep the car from moving just to be extra careful what I'll do if I'm
  • parking say nose into a space I will put it in Reverse when I park so if I come
  • back and let's say I absent-mindedly start the car and pop the clutch and not
  • realize it's in gear at least I'm going backward or not into the wall in front
  • of me and likewise if I back into a space or back up into my garage I'll
  • Park it in first gear for the opposite reason well I think that's about all the
  • help I can give you beginners wasn't this car black when we started it's okay
  • it's we should use two cars for this shoot one was a black Subaru BRZ this
  • one is a Toyota 86 they're essentially twins so it all worked out fine I'm
  • impressed if you notice by the way what was I saying yes I think I've done what
  • I can for you I hope you've absorbed what I've shown you and that you have
  • the confidence now to try driving a car with a stick shift there's no question
  • you're not going to be good at it at first
  • you're probably gonna kill the engine a few times you're probably not going to
  • hurt the car unless it's really old and frail you might hurt your ego a little
  • bit but give it time one thing you need to recognize is driving a car with a
  • manual transmission proficiently is kind of like typing without looking at the
  • keys your aren't really good at it until you aren't thinking that hard about it
  • just one day you'll realize you're doing it second nature subconsciously and
  • that's when you'll be good at it whoever is lending your you a car to let
  • you try to learn to drive a stick you might want to buy him dinner because
  • chances are you going to take a few miles off there clutch but it's all part
  • of the learning process good luck
  • you

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Description

# - # - Intro
#-# - Get to Know the Tachometer
# - # - Get to Know the Pedals
# - # - Get to Know the Shifter
# - # - How to Start the Car and Engage the Clutch
# - # - How to Take Off in First
# - # - What Can Go Wrong?
# - # - Moving in Higher Gears
# - # - How to Stop
# - # - Handling Hills
# - # - Tips
# - # - Downshifting
# - # - How to Park
# - # - Outro

National Stick Shift Day: https://www.cars.com/articles/its-national-stick-shift-day-here-are-our-7-fave-clutch-performers-1420700671981/?soc=ya-hub-edt-Video-12&aff=yahubedt

Read more: https://www.cars.com/articles/national-stick-shift-day-learning-on-the-fly-and-failing-1420700671464//?soc=ya-hub-edt-Video-13&aff=yahubedt

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