How to Draw Buildings in 1-Point Perspective: The Villa Rotonda: Narrated

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May 04, 2019


How to Draw Buildings in 1-Point Perspective: The Villa Rotonda: Narrated
How to Draw Buildings in 1-Point Perspective: The Villa Rotonda: Narrated thumb How to Draw Buildings in 1-Point Perspective: The Villa Rotonda: Narrated thumb How to Draw Buildings in 1-Point Perspective: The Villa Rotonda: Narrated thumb


  • Hi, Tom here in this week's Circle Line Art School video I'll show you one way to draw
  • The Villa Rotunda, a Renaissance building designed by Palladio, start by
  • drawing a horizontal line below the middle of your page, next draw a cross
  • for a vanishing point on the far right on the horizontal line, the horizon line,
  • all the parallel lines on the side of the building will look like they meet at
  • this vanishing point, now draw a vertical line to the right of the center of your
  • page, this will be the right hand corner of the building,
  • next draw a line from the top and the base of this vertical line to the
  • vanishing point, now we can draw a second vertical line for the left corner of the
  • building, for this drawing I'm using one-point perspective on the right, but
  • I'm also making the horizontal lines taper towards the left a little bit as
  • well, you could imagine that as a second vanishing point, but it would be so far
  • away from us, way off the page, because the vanishing point is very far away on
  • the left, so we'll really only focus on the one vanishing point on the right for
  • this drawing, now we can draw a vertical line for the right side of the Rotunda,
  • so this is our basic box shape in perspective, in one-point perspective,
  • next we can divide the two sides we are looking at with two vertical lines on
  • each side, nearer the corner than the middle, each of the vertical lines needs
  • to be near the corners than the middle of the shape,
  • next we can draw a line around the base and a line,
  • and a line from the vanishing point, going through the base of the new
  • vertical line and coming forwards towards us, for the steps,
  • now draw a vertical line for the height of the step wall, the wall that holds the
  • steps in place, taking the angle of the line that is going away from us by
  • drawing a line all the way to the vanishing point again,
  • now we can make these lines a little darker,
  • next we can draw two horizontal lines across the new vertical line,
  • and then using our vanishing point we can line this up with the other side,
  • now we can draw the thickness of the wall on both sides,
  • next, we can draw another the main structure of the Rotunda,
  • using the vanishing point for the sidelines, as always, we can start to draw
  • the structure of the columns of the portico, for the structure of the rotunda is
  • not in fact circular, but rather a square if seen from above looking down, I think
  • it would be a square, the main structure would be a square, with a sort of cross
  • intersecting the square, for the four porticoes on each side of the square and
  • then the circle looking straight down would sort of be in the middle of the square,
  • we can find the middle top of the portico and draw a line to make it a triangle,
  • now we can draw a line for the angle of the steps,
  • once you have that in place, we can sort of read around
  • the height of the first portico and draw a horizontal line at the top and at the
  • bottom the second portico,
  • we can add a vertical line too...
  • and then use the vanishing point for the sidelines,
  • we can continue this line along for this stair wall,
  • and add another stair wall in perspective too, going to our vanishing point,
  • next we can draw a triangle, which is in the middle of the second portico,
  • but this time the triangle, the pediment, is in perspective, as we're looking at it
  • from an angle,
  • I think I'll need to draw it a bit taller, so that it matches the first
  • pediment that we drew, the first triangle that we drew,
  • once you have it looking about right we can next draw a new line around the top
  • of the building,
  • and then the long shallow flat looking pitched roof,
  • now, from the first portico, we can draw a line all the way around the building,
  • using horizontal lines and lines, diagonal lines, to the vanishing point,
  • I always find it satisfying to draw these sorts of lines which wrap around an
  • architectural shape,
  • the next step is to draw some guidelines for the windows,
  • the top ones are quite square, I think they make this late sixteenth-century building
  • seem quite modern in a way, because of their flat square quality, the next
  • window below has a triangle in stone above it,
  • above its rectangular shape,
  • now we can draw another wraparound line, from the left step wall, all the way around,
  • following the shape of the building, to the far right step wall,
  • on the left portico we can add an archway opening, first draw two vertical
  • guide lines, we can draw one archway on the ground level,
  • and then another taller archway above, with a curved top, the curve just
  • needs to go smoothly from one of the vertical guidelines to the other,
  • now we can keep adding and repeating the shapes we have already drawn,
  • this time on the second portico, on the lower and upper archways we can see
  • deeper into the space as we're looking at an angle at them,
  • the next step is to draw the steps!
  • and now we can just keep adding details, we need to add the dome at the top, it
  • will be off-center, to the right, as we're looking at the whole building, we're
  • looking towards the right at the whole building, that's why we're using the
  • vanishing point on the right and that's where we can see the right-hand side of
  • the building and not the left-hand side, so the front of the building, the front
  • of our drawing, we're looking almost straight on to that, but the right-hand
  • side, we're looking at an angle at that and that's why we're using a vanishing
  • point for all of those parallel lines,
  • we can now erase some of the guidelines that we no longer need,
  • speeding up the drawing now, once we're ready we can add the tall
  • columns to both porticoes, just a series of vertical lines
  • we can now add some to the tops of each of the columns and
  • some smaller details like the cube-like pattern of stones on the pediment, these
  • teeth like pattern are called dentals and they'll give the building some scale,
  • for this drawing, as with most of my drawings, I'm using a 4b pencil
  • side of the pencil, to block in some soft tonal values
  • on the left-hand side of the building and the left-hand side of the shapes
  • within the building,
  • if you'd like to learn more about drawing please visit my website:
  • www.circlelineartschool.com, where you could also sign up to be the first to learn about my next
  • online art course for beginners, thank you very much for watching this video!
  • I hope you found it useful!
  • Please leave a comment and share if you like thank you very much and see you
  • next time:)
  • Please subscribe to my youtube channel: Circle Line Art School,
  • as I post a new drawing every week...

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Learn to Draw using 1-Point Perspective step by step in this narrated drawing tutorial. Subscribe to keep up to date: https://www.youtube.com/circlelineartschool Learn More: https://www.circlelineartschool.com

Watch Next: How to Draw Perspective Playlist: http://bit.ly/1QV3SsW

Learn more about The Villa Rotonda on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Capra_%22La_Rotonda%22

Circle Line Art School Episode #336: How to Draw Buildings: The Villa Rotonda, Italy: Perspective Drawing: Narrated Step by Step.

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Hi, my name is Tom McPherson and I founded Circle Line Art School as an online art education resource for all. My aim is to inspire people to learn to draw and be more creative.

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Tom McPherson

Circle Line Art School

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