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Deadhead Roses for More Flowers

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08:35   |   Jul 02, 2019

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Deadhead Roses for More Flowers
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  • Hey again, it's Jason from Fraser Valley Rose Farm. I'm in my garden today deadheading roses and boy
  • Do I have a lot of roses to deadhead... before I go any further
  • I guess I should explain what deadheading is and what it's for. I'll show you how to do it on your different kinds
  • Of roses. So deadheading is a basic pruning technique very easy and not very heavy
  • You don't have to go way down on the rose. It's not gonna be a heavy prune that your plant
  • will take a long time to recover from - it's just to fulfill a couple of basic functions
  • The first one is to tidy up your rose to get these unsightly
  • Spent blooms off of your rose
  • And the second thing is that it's going to encourage your rose to go back into bloom sooner
  • Which I guess is a good thing and it can be as simple
  • I'm not gonna say this is the only way to do it, but it can be a simple
  • as just grabbing the stem and twisting it off. That's the basics of
  • Deadheading I'm gonna show you better technique more elegant technique, but this does the job
  • This is tidier than it was before and if you look at the bottom of this spent flower
  • You'll see that what it's trying to do is form a hip
  • that's the
  • Seed pod of the roses and if it forms that hip or if it goes on towards forming that hip it's going to send hormonal signals
  • To the plant that says "send your energy here
  • I want to use it for seed development", which means that your plant isn't going to go back into flower quite so soon
  • So if I just by nipping it off like that just as simple as that I've done two things
  • I've made this Rose look a little better and I've sped it back along towards blooming again
  • So I want to show you how to do a proper with a pair of pruners
  • Actually because it is better to do it that way and also towards the end of the video here
  • I'm going to talk about
  • Deadheading and staging perennials because I think it's worth a spot in the same discussion
  • The Rose I'm demonstrating on here is named 'Polka'
  • It's a climbing rose and see it has a completely spent flower here. And this one here starting to ball up and fall apart
  • So it starts it's it's well past its prime. Give a little shake it came apart
  • This is what it looks like when it's fresh. That's 'Polka'
  • nice
  • Ruffled edges of the petals gorgeous apricot color. So I love this plant in my garden
  • but I want to show you how to deadhead that and
  • I'm going to do it with a clean sharp pair of pruners mentioned before the importance of working with clean sharp pruners
  • You don't want to spread diseases around your garden. So spray down your pruners before you get going. Make sure they're sharp
  • So they make a clean cut. That's the main advantage as to going around and snipping it off by hand
  • Not only is it a lot more work when you're dealing with a cluster flowering rose to be nipping them off individually
  • But by using a pruner you can actually choose where your cut goes and you can choose and you can get that clean cut that
  • I was looking for so where would I want to prune this?
  • The answer is it's a little bit up to me how low or far down I want to go on the stem
  • But there are some rules of thumb about this
  • So if you look on the stem here
  • I'm going to show you that this leaf that's coming out the side of the stem has one two
  • Three leaflets and this one here as well has one two three leaflets
  • This one down here and I'm going to pull it off
  • but mark where I've taken it from has
  • one two three four five leaflets
  • That's an indication that it's far back enough on the rose that is back into vegetative growth
  • and that's where the rose is most likely to pick up and put up a new chute and
  • and start flowering again from up here may do so but this is the safest spot in terms of the
  • Hormonal balance of the rose. So from there, that's the spot where I had the five leaf leaflet. I
  • Just took a cut above the node
  • How far above the note in this case? I want about a half inch above the note now
  • I can already hear people yelling at their screens. They say you should have cut it on an angle or
  • This should be an outward facing bud
  • I've explained before in one of my other videos. I don't pay a lot of attention to those rules
  • Doing out on an angle just adds complication for what I see is no additional benefit
  • And outward in we're facing bud. I don't go for that. The Rose is probably going to shoot in multiple places below this it's gonna
  • send
  • Growth up in multiple directions and I don't get that much control over it so I go for the natural approach
  • Let it grow in a different direction deadheading a cluster flowering Rose is just about the same
  • So you can see here that I'm treating this whole
  • Flower head as if it's one flower, so I'll just follow it back
  • To where it all joins the main stem there and then countdown
  • Until I see a five leaf leaflet or better yet in this case
  • I can see that the Rose has already decided to shoot
  • So I'm going to just prune
  • directly above that brand new shoot
  • The whole flower head goes away and I have this new growth here ready to come up and bring new flowers
  • Without the focus of the rose
  • Being on ripening all of those rose hips
  • The same principles of deadheading and staging apply to many other plants besides roses in this case
  • I'm in the perennials and I have my salvia behind me
  • I have this astrantia and they're both starting to look a little worse for the wear on my salvia here
  • You can see from the flower spike
  • it's just got a little bit of color a little bit of flowers left on the end here and then it's done and
  • Then it will pause and try to ripen seeds. And in the meantime, you're without colorful flowers in your garden
  • So something you can do is you can preempt it here. You can do a pruning where you either just take off
  • the very most spent of the flowers and you leave the side laterals to start blooming or
  • You can be even more aggressive and take off
  • Right down low six inches from the ground eight inches from the ground
  • Take off the whole spike and see if you can get it to bloom all at once again
  • I really really encourage you to experiment with this same thing with this astrantia
  • I can just take off the flower spike low down in the mound and I will get new flowers on that
  • relatively shortly, this leads me to my next topic, which is
  • staging and
  • There's no rule that says
  • You can't start cutting back your flowers
  • Before they're spent now some people are going to say well. What a shame
  • Why would you cut down flowers before they're spent in your garden?
  • I will show you on my anise hyssop, which is just a few feet to my right here
  • I'm just going to reposition the camera. Okay what you see on this?
  • Is this actually just entering its bloom period it does have a few mature blooms on it
  • But lots and lots of little blooms are coming
  • So this is relatively early in its bloom cycle and you might ask
  • why am I so crazy as to consider staging it right now the answer for me and it's very personal right now is
  • that I have an event coming up in my garden in about a month and
  • If I let this run its natural course by the beginning of August
  • It will be brown and bereft of flowers and that's not the way I want to present it
  • but if I
  • Preemptively cut it now
  • it has plenty of time to
  • Recover and I should see blooms again in the four to five weeks that it's gonna take before that event
  • So I may not do the entire thing. But if I stage it low right now
  • At least in part I should have some blooms for that later time in the season
  • It wouldn't be a bad idea
  • In any case to stage half of a patch like this that you don't get all your blooms at once and then have nothing
  • At least if you stage some in advance, you'll have some blooms for later
  • Well, that should pretty much cover it on the topic of deadheading
  • Just remember one last thing that this obviously only works on roses that begin as rebloomers
  • So if you have old garden roses or one time blooming ramblers or species roses
  • The deadheading will provide very little benefit except maybe as a clean up to the rose
  • I hope I've covered it to your satisfaction. If you have any questions, please leave those in the comments below the video
  • I'll see if I can help. Thank you again for watching

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Description

Deadheading is a simple pruning technique to help cleanup your roses after a flush of blooms - removing those spent flowers also encourages the shrub to return to flowering sooner. In this video, I'll show you how to deadhead individual blooms as well as cluster-flowering roses. A bit later on in the video, I show discuss how to deadhead and stage your perennials - also in an effort to reduce the "pause" after blooming.

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