In this episode Stewart tells the story of and United States involvement in . From 1928 until 1978 there had been relative peace and in the 1960s and '70s was on the hippie trail but the was at its height with Afghanistan surrounded by American allies and . In northern Afghanistan soviet aid was provided and in southern Afghanistan American aid. In Islamists and communists vied for supremacy and when the communists took control in 1978 they asked the for military assistance. Reluctantly they agreed after the Afghan president went to in 1979. 80,000 troops entered Afghanistan and the United States saw a chance for revenge against the Soviets who aided the communists in Vietnam. The covertly through , President of Pakistan, provided modern weaponry. and socialite were prominent in the raising of 9 billion dollars covertly passed to Afghanistan. In 1988 the Soviets pulled out and the country descended into a vicious five-year civil war that the emerged victorious imposing strict Islamic law. Afghanistan became a safe haven for many groups and when the twin towers were attacked in New York the USA.